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There are a lot of nature and historical features of this East country - it is so hot Vakhsh Valley, famous snowy peaks of Evgenia Korzhenevskaya and Ismoil Somoni. The most dangerous and multikilometer way on the Pamirs path is trough high mountains and gorges, unbelievable mountain'a lakes and rivers with so nice

and pretty national parks there.


A plenty of ancient monuments of Zoroastrian century and the great Silky way produce us a culture of the Central Asia's state.
The greatest Pamir mountains, The Karakul lake and healing mineral resources - the most unpredictable finds for adrenaline lovers, and a possibility to feel a whole flavour of emotions and feelings.

A political part of Tajikistan

The Republic of Tajikistan is an unitary country with a presidential form of government.

The capital : Dushanbe. 

The government's part

Tajikistan is a presidential republic and in the head of this is Emomaly Rakhmon, a president, who started his direction from the 1994 year.

The legislative regime is represented by the Parliament, which is called " Majlisi Oli " .

Political parts

People's part of Tajikistan

A part of the communism 

Agrarian part 

A part of the economic reforms

A socialist part

A democratic part of Tajikistan

A social - democratic part of Tajikistan


The country's symbols

As usual, like everywhere in the world, there are three symbols in Tajikistan - a flag, a anthem and an emblem.


The Flag

Presented like one of the three symbols of the country.

It is a symbol of society of workers, senior members and intelligence people, represents undestroyable relationships , friendships and unity of everybody , who  have been living in this country for many years.

The flag is looks like a rectangle, which consist of three lines different colour : red, white and green one.

On the white line there is a crown and seven stars are at the top.

The flag was approved at 25th November in 1992.


The Emblem

On the emblem there is a crown and seven stars like at the flag.On the back side of the crown are painted few mountains and the Sun, which is getting up and shining under the snowy hills.

On the top the emblem has a small three-colours tape , in the bottom is a historical book.

This emblem was approved by Tajik's government at 28th December 1993.


The national language

The most knowing language is a tajik( but most of citizens have adjusted to call this like Tajik of Persian dialect).

Tajikistan is a full of different nations and the second language for people, who have been living here for many years, is a Russian.


The currency 

Somoni - is a national currency in Republic of Tajikistan. 

It was approved in 30th October in 2000 and partly changed Tajik ruble. One Somoni is like a one hundred dirham.


Administrative – territorial part 

Administratively, Tajikistan consists of several regions : Sughd, Khatlon, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous region and districts of national significance.

The capital of Tajikistan -Dushanbe - and another eight surrounding districts create a separate administrative-territorial unit.

Main cities of the Republic are : Dushanbe (the capital city), Penjikent, Khujand, Istaravshan, Bokhtar, Kulyab and Khorog. 


A climate

Tajikistan is as any mountainous country located in southern latitudes and surrounded by mountains: subtropical in the low valleys, surely warm in the middle heights of the hills and cold in their high tops. All features of the climate depend of the solar radiation, the change of various air masses by season and mountain landscape. Almost nine months of the year in here is dominated by the sun. 

This is why the Tajik land receives more heat from the sun in spring, summer and autumn than it gives it to the world.


The population 

Consists of several nations and religions.

Most of them are Tajiks - 80%, citizens of Uzbekistan are only 15%, Russian's people are only 1% and another part of the population are Tatars - 0,3%.

Most of people , who live there accept and believe in Islam of Sunnit's way, but most of Russians accept only orthodox religion.

According the data of population census there is 9 126 000 persons live in Tajikistan on 1st January 2019.

National holidays in Tajikistan

Actually there are approximately sixty four holidays in Tajikistan, but most of them are :

The Independence Day (9th September)

The Navruz (from 21th to 22th March)

Kurgan Khait and Ramadan (according the Muslim calendar),New Year (1st January).

Except these holidays, there are some important also: 

Day of Knowledge (1st September), The Victory Day(9th May), The day of national language ( Tajik), a Day of a teacher,

The Labor day(1st May), and,of course, a day of the national army of the country (23th February).


A telephone code of Tajikistan is : +992.

People go to Tajikistan not only for the sake of conquering the grandiose peaks of the Pamir. Here tourists will find interesting eco-routes, laid out in the most beautiful places of the country, and familiarity with the rich Tajik culture. Many traditions are still carefully preserved in families. Entire dynasties of craftsmen, embroiderers, and jewelers live in the ancient cities of Istaravshan, Kulyab, and Khujand.

In the capital city of Dushanbe and the main tourist places, comfortable hotels are ready to accept guests, in more remote provinces, modest family pensions are available to travelers. The locals are hospitable and welcome foreigners who want to get to know their homeland better.

1. The Flagpole Dushanbe

Construction next to the Palace of Nations in Dushanbe, where the national flag is being developed. It attracts attention by the fact that it is the world's tallest flagpole. The height is approximately 165 meters. The main elements of the structure were created in Dubai and finally installed in the capital of Tajikistan in 2010-2011.

2. Monument to Ismoil Somoni in Dushanbe

The monument, erected in honor of the Emir Abu Ibrahim Ismail Ibn Ahmad of the Samanid dynasty. This ruler founded a large and strong state in Central Asia with its capital in Dushanbe. The monument was erected in 1999 to celebrate the 1100th anniversary of the Samanid state. The structure looks representative and is decorated with a rich finish.

3. National Museum of Tajikistan

Located in Dushanbe, it contains several thematic departments: ancient and medieval history, modern history, art, and nature. Under the guidance of the Museum, expeditions are constantly organized, as a result of which the collections of exhibits are replenished. The Museum building, built in the Baroque style, is of architectural value.

4. Fann mountains

Mountain junction in the Western part of the Pamir-Alai mountain system. Here the tourist can see turquoise and emerald lakes, glaciers and stormy rivers. Thanks to good transport accessibility (you can get there from Samarkand), the fan mountains are a popular destination for Hiking, eco-recreation and extreme sports.

5. Hissar fortress

The remains of a structure that is more than 2500 years old. The well-preserved gate was built in the XVI century by one of the emirs of Bukhara. Previously, the fortress was the residence of the rulers. The thickness of the fortress walls was more than   

1 meter, in the courtyard there was a swimming pool and a garden. In addition to the gates, fragments of walls and some buildings have survived to our days.

6. The Karakul Lake

The largest natural reservoir in Tajikistan and the largest lake in the Eastern Pamir. It is located at an altitude of more than 

3 km above sea level. In winter, it forms an ice crust with a thickness of more than one meter, and in summer the water temperature does not exceed 12 °C. The lake is located in the incredibly beautiful, but quite remote Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous region.

7. Pamir mountains

A large mountain system in Central Asia, part of which is located in Tajikistan. The name is translated as "roof of the world", "foot of the bird", "foot of death". Three mountain peaks more than 7 km high. on Tajik territory: Ismail Samani peak, Ibn Sina peak, Korzhenevskaya Peak. The Pamir mountain system has many glaciers and snow-capped ridges.

8. The Khujand fortress

It is located in the city of Khujand. Its history is connected with the struggle of local peoples against the hordes of Genghis Khan. The great Khan sent 75,000 men to besiege the fortress. After the defense fell, the structure was destroyed by the Mongol army, and for several centuries no one remembered the ruins. In the XVI century, the fortress was restored and became the residence of the local ruler.

9. Sarazm

An ancient settlement Dating back to the IV-II centuries BC. an Important historical monument of the world heritage, included in the UNESCO lists. Sarazm was discovered in the 70s of the XX century. As a result of the excavations, many well-preserved buildings, household items and tools were found.

10. Tajik national Park

Created to preserve the unique nature of Tajikistan. The area of the Park is about 2.6 million hectares, it includes the Central part of the Pamir-Alay, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous region, Tawildari and Jirgatal districts. This place is popular among tourists who prefer eco-recreation and admiring nature.

11. The Iskanderkul lake

It is located in the fan mountains at an altitude of more than 2 km. above the sea. This reservoir is called the heart of the fan mountains. One of the legends says that Alexander the great passed here with his army, and here he lost his favorite horse. 

The lake is named after the great commander (in Asia Alexander is known as Iskandar).

12. The Sarez lake

Sarez lake appeared as a result of the earthquake of 1911. A large section of the Muzkolsky ridge collapsed, forming a deep gorge under it. This gorge was instantly filled with the waters of the Murghab river. This is how the youngest lake on the planet appeared.

13. Garmchashma Hot spring

A mineral spring on the hillside Shadrinskogo range. In the middle of the XX century, in the place of the water outlet, a hydrotherapy clinic was built, which still functions today. Until the end of the XIX century, local people worshipped the source and set up small altars in places where the water came to the surface.

14. The Pamir highway

The high-altitude road connecting the Tajik city of Khorog and the Kyrgyz city of Osh is approximately 700 km long. 

This is one of the most scenic highways in the world, cut through plateaus, bottomless gorges, "Martian plains" and inhospitable mountain deserts. Many auto travelers dream of driving along this road.

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