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Uzbekistan is a treasure trove of architectural monuments, the center of ancient cities, one of the centers of the legendary silk road. Here you can see the real ancient East - in Khiva, Samarkand and Bukhara. You can taste real Uzbek pilaf, prepared according to a recipe that is more than a thousand years old.

Uzbekistan is a jewel of the great silk road, azure mosques of Samarkand and caravanserais of Bukhara, ancient Khiva and the modern capital of Tashkent. Generous cuisine, excellent wines, cordiality and hospitality.

Uzbekistan is a bright, inspired country of the East. It is simply impossible to count all the mosques, madrassas, mausoleums and minarets of the country. It is also impossible to convey their beauty. This must be seen.

You can endlessly describe the shrines and citadels of Uzbekistan, but in addition, it is rich in nature.

Many tourists pass through the hot desert of Kyzylkum, and then go to the picturesque Fergana valley or Chimgan mountains. There are all conditions for recreation there.

Uzbekistan is an ideal country for a budget tourist, which does not skimp on attractions and will give indescribable impressions to everyone who wants to see its beauty or try the original Uzbek cuisine.

1. Tashkent City

This is the capital of Uzbekistan, and it is one of the five largest cities in terms of population among the CIS countries. Ancient buildings, mosques, museums and madrassas are hidden between modern buildings and skyscrapers.

And colorful bazaars and markets where you can buy everything are surrounded by modern shopping centers.

Tashkent is a very civilized and modern city, ideal for getting started with the East.

2. Samarkand City

Samarkand was founded in the VIII century BC. This is one of the oldest cities on the planet. For more than two thousand years, Samarkand was a key point on the great silk road. This is the precious pearl of Asia, the junction of two worlds – the West and the East. It was an important political, scientific and cultural center, and preserved a huge number of historical and cultural monuments. The entire city is listed as a UNESCO heritage site.

3. Registan Square in Samarkand

This is the heart of Samarkand. Once it was the center of city life, and after the construction of a beautiful architectural ensemble of the XV-XVII centuries, it became its pearl. Three madrassas: Ulugbek, SEDAR, Tilla-Kari surrounded the area. Their decor is varied, but they look great together. Today, various cultural events are held on Registan, and tourists here begin to get acquainted with the city.

4. Gur-Emir (Tamerlane's Mausoleum)

Gur-Emir was built on the orders of Muhammad Sultan in the early XV century. At first, the complex consisted of a madrasa, where children of the Samarkand nobility and khanak were taught. But after the sudden death of his grandson, the terribly grieving Amir Timur ordered the construction of a mausoleum to complement the Gur-Emir ensemble. Its interior decoration is rich and luxurious, and at the top of the building is a dome lined with blue mosaics.

5. Ulugbek Observatory

Ulugbek made a huge contribution to world astronomy, explaining the basics of this science and specifying the coordinates of more than 1000 stars. His Observatory began to be built in 1424 on the hill Kuhak, and 5 years later it was equipped with an angle finder with a radius of 40.21 m. The building itself was three stories high and 30.4 m high.

After Ulugbek's murder, the Observatory was abandoned. It was found only in 1908.

6. Bibi-Khanum Mosque in Samarkand

Built at the turn of the XIV-XV centuries in honor of his beloved wife from Amir Timur's harem. In total, the complex includes three mosques: a large main one with a blue dome and two small ones. The best masters of the East were invited for the construction and finishing works. The courtyard was laid out in marble and surrounded by a covered gallery. The outer walls were covered with ornaments, the inner ones - with carvings, patterns, mosaics.

Reconstruction is underway now.

7. Shahi Zinda architectural Monument

This is a complex of 14 mausoleums where the Samarkand elite is buried. It was created over the course of 9 centuries, constantly being completed. The ensemble is also called a cemetery street. Blue domes of mosques and mausoleums, which stretch one after another, look like expensive necklaces from above. The last structure of the complex is the entrance to the crypt. To see the mausoleums, you need to climb 36 steps.

8. Bukhara City

This is another city that grew up on the great silk road, which has become a real treasure of the East. It was founded 2,500 years ago and has developed rapidly since then. Bukhara is called a Museum city. The main exhibits here are citadels, mosques, madrassas and mausoleums. Some are more than 1,000 years old, and the Kalon minaret is about 2,300 years old. The historical center of Bukhara is included in the UNESCO heritage list.

9. Lyabi-Hauz in Bukhara

One of the squares of Bukhara, which was the center of trade, and now has become an object of admiration for tourists and locals. The first building on the square, which has survived to this day, was built in 1569. It was the Kukeldash Madrasah is the largest madrasah in Central Asia. Then the Divan-Beri and khanaka Divan-Begi Madrassas appeared on Lyabi-Hauz.

10. Mausoleum Of The Samanids (Bukhara)

It is a striking representative of early medieval architecture. There are three graves in the mausoleum, one of them belongs to the son of Ismail Samani. The mausoleum was built in the IX century. It has a symbolic shape of a cube with a dome, and its walls resemble openwork ornaments. All elements of jewelry merge together and represent a unique example of Central Asian architecture.

11. Kalyan Minaret and mosque in Bukhara

The Kalyan minaret and mosque belong to the most beautiful architectural ensemble in the center of Bukhara. They are located on Registan square. Kalyan minaret is the oldest building on the square, it was built in 1127. During its existence, it was almost not repaired. The Kalyan mosque is the second largest in Central Asia. its construction was completed in 1514. It is beautifully decorated with mosaics.

12. Khiva City

A small city, the capital of the Khorezm region, which, according to legend, grew up around a well that was dug by one of the sons of Noah. Khiva has a huge number of amazing shrines and buildings. The old city – Ichan Kala-was the first object in Central Asia to be protected by UNESCO. During its thousand-year history, fortresses, palaces and mosques were built, which are now admired by tourists.

13. Ichan-Kala Fortress in Khiva

This is the old city of Khiva, surrounded by a 2.5 km wall. Its height reaches 10 m, and its thickness is up to 6 m. Round defense towers are built every 30 meters in the wall. The city has an area of less than 1 km2 and an incredible number of attractions. Ichan-Kala is a typical Eastern ancient city. It is dotted with a lace of narrow, small streets leading to grandiose structures.

14. Amir Temur Square

The original square of Amir Temur called Konstantinovsky square was laid by order of General Chernyaev in 1882.

It was a roadway and was located at the intersection of two main streets of the city, which followed the ancient trade routes. Subsequently, the square was modified many times. Only in 1994 it was renamed and a monument to Amir Temur was erected in it.

15. Mountains of the Chatkal range.

The mountains in our region are a great place for recreation of residents and guests of our country. The Chatkal mountains are located in the Western Tyan'-Shan’s mountains chain, bordering the Ferghana valley from the North-West, and are located 85 km from Tashkent. The main peaks of this range are located at an altitude of 3309 meters.

The peak of Bolshaya Chimgan, which can be seen with the naked eye from the streets of Tashkent. Near the Big Chimgan is the mountain top of the Small Chimgan has 2097 meters height, as well as the mountain plateaus Maidantal (2000 meters), Pulathan plateau (2744 meters), Akhangaran plateau (2000 meters). The mountains of the Chatkal range attract mountaineers and tourists, and there are many routes for Hiking and horse tours in the mountains. At the same time, prehistoric petroglyphs are quite common in the mountains, the most famous of which are the Beldersay petroglyphs.

16. Aidarkul lake

This is a large object of nature located in the South-Eastern part of Uzbekistan, approximately 50 km from the Nurata city. It was created in 1969 on the place of the Arnasay lowland, when the disastrous spring floods have been destroying, when people have been sending  the waters of the Syr Darya here. Nowadays a territory of lake Aidarkul has 3000 square kilometrs, and have 250 km  length, and from 8 to 20 km width. The area of the lake has good conditions for Hiking and horse riding and camels.

 Several dozen species of fish were introduced here. Tourists have an opportunity to fish, swim and sunbathe here.

Currently, along the banks of Aidarkul, recreation areas have been disrupted, for the reception of vacationers and tourists.

17. Nuratinsky mountains

Stretching from East to West in the Central part of Uzbekistan from Dzhizak to Nurata, the low Nurata mountains are located there. They consist of two mountain ranges separated by the inter-mountain basins of Gallaaral, Koytash peak  

(750-800 m) and Koshrabad (750-1000 m). 

The highest point is the peak of Khayatbashi (2169 m). The distance from main cities, highways and industrial facilities contributes to the preservation of ecology on the Northern slopes of the Nurata mountains. An important role is played by the sparsely populated area, where the majority of residents are engaged in agriculture. In 1975, the nuratinsky reserve was created here, occupying the entire Central part of the ridge. The most famous inhabitants are Severtsova sheep, black vulture, Golden eagle and others. In early spring the slopes of the Nurata mountains is decorated with rare and listed in the Red book tulips, Eremurus, and many other colors. For tourists in the region, opened mountain trails and horseback riding tours, which partially pass through the Nuratau nature reserve.

18. Zaamin mountains

Not far from Jizzakh, South of Zaamin are the North-Western spurs of the Turkestan range, which is mostly located on the territory of Tajikistan. On the territory of Uzbekistan, there are also wooded slopes of these picturesque mountains, saturated with the beauty of juniper forests. This region is very popular in the country, there are apartments, health resorts and holiday homes. In these places, which partially hosts tourist program, is possible to  get acquainted with the life of local residents and their traditions.

19. The Zarafshan range

Zarafshan range is a mountain range which is located in  Hissar-Alay's part, on south of the Zeravshan river (Uzbekistan and Tajikistan Republics ). The highest peak of this point is situated in Tajikistan-Chimtarga and has a 5489 height, the highest point in Uzbekistan-Kuytimas has 2581 height. Within Uzbekistan, the Western part of the range serves as a watershed of the Zarafshan and Kashkadarya river basins. The Zarafshan range is very popular among tourists and travellers for mountain routes. There are mountain trips and trekking from two to five days of duration.

20. Hissar range

Further south from Uzbekistan, the highest mountainous region of the country is located – the Hissar range. Most of this chain is located in Tajikistan. In the upper reaches of the Tupalangdarya river, that the highest point of Uzbekistan is located-Uzbeksitan peak (previous. peak of the XXII Congress of the CPSU) - 4643m.

Firstly, the Hissar range is a unique region. It attracts with its natural beauty, rich in natural attractions, flora and fauna, beautiful canyons, mountain lakes and the highest peaks in our country. In particular, the Aksu gorge, Kyzyldarya, Hissar reserve, where there are excursion sites such as Timur cave, dinosaur plateau, Hazrat Sultan peak, Baturbay gorge and others.

Secondly, the Hissar range has some beautiful highland villages such as Gelan, Kul, Sarcasm and others.  Local residents still honor ancient traditions and customs, preserve the traditional way of life, and are proud of their roots. For tourists in this region, many programs have been developed that will plunge into the unique nature of these places with a visit to mountain villages.

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