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Cultural heritage

The rich cultural heritage of the Tajik people is well reflected in the monuments of archeology and art.

The vast majority of them are buried in the ground and become available for study only after excavation.

In the last decades of the twentieth century, archaeologists of Central Asia found and explored numerous monuments of the artistic culture of the ancestors of the Tajiks - ancient Aryan tribes:

Bactrians, Sogdians, Khorezmians, Ferghana. To this day, preserved masterpieces of urban planning and fine arts, art crafts of the era of the Achaemenids and Sassanids, Samanids and Timurids, the late Middle Ages and the New Age.

Among the oldest monuments of fine art on the territory of modern Tajikistan are the well-preserved mural paintings of the Mines of the Mesolithic Mines (USH-UP thousand BC), as well as schematic murals of the Neolithic and Bronze Age (VI-III thousand BC). ) in Kurtek (near the Grotto of the Mine), discovered in the Pamirs. The idea of Central Asian art of the Neolithic, Eneolithic and Bronze Age (VI-II millennium BC) is given by the civilization of southern Turkmenistan (the settlements of Jeytun, Geoksyur, Namazgatep, Altyntep, Anau, etc.): wall painting (plot and ornamental), ceramics (with geometric patterns and zoomorphic patterns) and small sculpture (close to the ancient East).

Culture of the steppe bronze(ser.P-beginning. I thousand BC) from Kairakkum-molded gray clay ceramics, with patterns, carved and applied flat or" comb " stamps, jewelry (bracelets, rings). In the South - in the Vakhsh and Beshkent valleys, in the burial grounds (2nd half of the II-th Millennium BC) of nomadic tribes, the bronze age zoomorphism is represented by a "procession" of goats on a vessel of the Jarkul burial ground. Second millennium BC a sculpture of a seated man from the burial of the Bronze Age (Tursun-zade), a figure of a female deity (burial ground of Zamanbaba, Bukhara district), painted gray and red-glazed vessels from Sarazm are dated.


Thus, cultural monuments of almost all periods of the history of the Tajik people are known on the territory of Tajikistan since the era of stone and bronze. A chronological review of the masterpieces of fine art, toreutics, miniatures, carving in clay and stone, as well as examples of the architecture of the Tajik people, which have survived to the present in monuments of archeology and art, show:

In Tajikistan, cultural monuments of all historical periods have been studied,

In Tajikistan, almost all types and categories of cultural monuments that are characteristic for specific segments of the history of culture are represented,

And the cultural heritage reflects the continuity and cultural tradition of the Tajik people.

The Tajik people have made a worthy contribution to the treasury of world culture and universal civilization.

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